• Trends in national mortality rates •  

Graphs showing time trends in mortality rates

All-cause mortality at age < 1 year in

England and Wales: 1875-2006

Graph showing all-cause mortality at age < 1 year in England and Wales since 1841

Comment: Although registration of births was compulsory in England and Wales as early as 1837, the number of births (and maybe deaths) was substantially undercounted until at least the mid-1870s, so that is where this graph starts. The steep, prolonged and ongoing decline in the infant mortality rate began, it appears, in 1900.

Abbreviations: WW1 = First World War; WW2 = Second World War; Depress. = Great Depression.

Method: Mortality rates were downloaded from the Human Mortality Database (see or on 4 December 2009. The plotted lines connect unsmoothed values.

WHO mortality rates for particular countries, ages and causes of death