• Trends in national mortality rates •  

Graphs showing time trends in mortality rates

All-cause mortality at age 15-34 years in

Scotland: 1875-2006

Graph showing all-cause mortality at age 15-34 years in Scotland since 1875

Colours: The coloured curves represent Scottish males (blue) and females (red); for comparison, the light grey curves represent males (generally the upper grey curve) and females (generally the lower) in England & Wales.

Comment: Excluding the years of the two world wars, there was no clear separation between male and female mortality rates at age 15-34 years until 1951. Female mortality was a little higher than male mortality as recently as 1947-50, possibly in part because of a surge in pregnancies after the second war. During the war years, the Scottish rates exclude military personnel (whether at home or abroad) whereas the England & Wales rates include them.

Method: Mortality rates were downloaded from the Human Mortality Database (see or on 4 December 2009. The plotted lines connect unsmoothed values.

WHO mortality rates for particular countries, ages and causes of death